Archive of the PAPERS of the NAZI AMBASSADOR TO ROME, ITALY, von Mackensen 1938-1942 Historic WWII NAZI DOCUMENTS
PAPERS from the FILES of the NAZI GERMAN AMBASSADOR TO ROME - HANS GEORG VON MACKENSEN. Rare early photocopied papers of the original archive.
Approximately 600 photocopied 8x12 inch pages, printed on one side only.
Includes numerous letters, telegrams, reports and related documents. ALL ARE IN GERMAN, except for one or two in Italian, and the cover page which is in English and states:
"The following papers are from the files of the German Ambassador von Mackensen in Rome (1938-1942). They were sent to Berlin for safe-keeping in April, 1943, and were opened at Marburg Castle on 27 August 1945."
No information about where this old photocopied archive was made or came from, possibly by and from the U.S. State Department - Documents Unit, but I have no idea. What I do know is this is the only copy I have, or have ever seen.
Complete copy. Each page has a number stamped on the bottom margin (not stamped directly on this photocopy but on the original documents that this copy was made from). The numbers run consecutively from 64273 to 64865 (592 pages), plus there are approximately 10 pages that repeat the preceding page's number (e.g. 64423, 64424, 64424, 64425), plus one page number, 64319, that was skipped. I have examined each of the 600 pages.
In addition to the hundreds of letters and telegrams, the archive has 10 pages that list all the documents in chronological order. There are also some blanks, pages with holographic writing, etc.
This photocopied archive is contained in an old wooden file box that has a hinged lid and a great old metal spring clamp on the inside.
GOOD Condition: The pages all have early photocopy machine marks, lines, spots, gray areas and smudges; they are lightly age toned; some of the pages have tears, creases and edgewear, but all are complete and fully legible. The box has some fraying to its edges and is splitting at a couple of the folds, but is still sturdy and doing its job well.
RARE look at Italy in its Nazi period, from the eyes of the German Ambassador stationed in Rome at the time.
About HANS GEORG VON MACKENSEN (from Wikipedia):
******Hans Georg von Mackensen, b.1883 d.1947, was a German diplomat who served as Secretary of State at the Foreign Ministry, German ambassador in Rome, and a SS senior Group Leader.
In May 1933 von Mackensen became a member of the NAZI Party. In December 1933 he became Germany's senior diplomat in Budapest. Four years later he was recalled to Berlin where he took over as first Secretary of State at the Foreign Ministry. He was then appointed Ambassador to Rome. The Rome embassy was an exceptionally important posting. On 30 January 1942 he was appointed an SS Group Leader (Gruppenführer) on the staff of Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler.
The Anglo-American invasion of Sicily in July 1943 brought forward various crises for Mussolini, including a crisis in his relationship with Hitler. The German ambassador in Italy, Hans Georg von Mackensen, was naturally involved, and suggested that Marshal Rommel be given military command over Italy. The crisis culminated in a hastily arranged meeting at Feltre between Hitler and Mussolini which took place on 19 July 1943, less than a week before Mussolini's dismissal by his king.
On 2 August 1943, following a talk with Hitler, von Mackensen was relieved of his post. He nevertheless retained his position as a general in the SS.
In May 1945 he was captured by French forces, held as a prisoner of war till April 1946. Following his release he remained in the French occupation zone, dying in a Konstanz hospital on 28 September 1947.******
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